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Simply a Happy Baby' 38 tips you can try

Baby Care

1 Shampooing without Tears

Always use hypoallergenic, non-sting shampoo, which is specially formulated for baby's skin. Be very careful not to splash your baby's face or get shampoo in her eyes. During the first 24 months of life, a child's sebaceous glands and hair follicles are maturing, so only use shampoos designed for babies.

2 Taking care of Baby's Teeth

It is never too early to start cleansing baby's teeth. As soon as those first milk teeth appear, gently wipe the gums and teeth with a clean soft damp cloth at bedtime. Switch to toothbrush with a pea-sized amount of toothpaste once baby has 6 or more teeth. Brush your baby's teeth every morning and night. Allow him to play with his brush while you brush your own teeth. You will encourage good oral hygiene and prevent tooth decay.

3 Choosing Easy Care Fabrics

Your baby's clothes will need frequent washing ' a newborn may need a complete change 3-4 times a day ' so make life easy for yourself by choosing garments made from hard-wearing, easy-care fabrics. Look for soft natural fibers such as cotton flannel or cotton fleece, which will be soft against your baby's skin. Check the washing instructions if the clothes are machine washable and require minimal ironing. Safe your time for your baby instead.

4 Natural solutions for Nappies

It is important to wash cloth diapers in boiling hot water, which sterilizes them and protects your baby's delicate skin against infection. You can make your own sterilizing solution by adding five drops of tea tree oil to a gallon of water. Alternatively try one half to one cup of white distilled vinegar which will also act as a fabric softener. Avoid using standard detergents and bleach when you wash diapers because residues left on diaper can irritate your baby's skin.

5 On the Mat

Use a changing mat when you change your baby ' it helps to keep the mess under control. And if the room is warm, let your baby lie on the mat and kick without a diaper for a few minutes. He will enjoy the freedom and the air will be good for his skin.

6 Pressure Changes

When you are flying breast-feed our baby or offer a bottle when you take off and land. Sucking helps prevent ear aches caused by the changes in air pressure.

7 Baby Carriers

Your newborn will love being carried snuggled up against your front, no matter if you are at home or in the supermarket. Buy a carrier with a head support that can be removed once your baby gains head control. Always try before you buy to ensure that you can get the carrier off and on yourself without help. At about six months your baby will enjoy sitting in a carrier on your back and watching the world go by. A carrier is also ideal if you take long walks because it is so much easier to manage than a stroller.

8 Learning language

Your baby starts to communicate with you in the first weeks of life by making burbling noises. As he grows older, coos and chuckles, often in response to your talk replace these noises. At about six months he will begin to enjoy playing with different sounds; he will babble with them and experiment with them for hours. You can help this early speech development by talking to him, repeating simple words and encouraging him to copy you. Watch his facial expressions as he tries to imitate the sounds you make.

9 Stress-free Dressing and Undressing

Your baby may become fussy when you are dressing or undressing her. The faster you can change her clothes, the better. Make sure the room and your hands are warm. Stretch suits with snaps all the way down the front are quick and easy to put on. Two piece outfits that expose only a part of her at a time may also cause less stress. Make plenty of soothing noises as you dress and undress her, and always finish with a cuddle.

10 Helping the Medicine to go down

If your baby is on liquid medication, you will find it easier to give it to him in a syringe or dropper that on a teaspoon. Touch your baby's bottom lip to encourage him to open his mouth and then, leaning him back slightly, squeeze the medicine into his mouth.

11 Getting the Temperature right

Your baby is not able to control his body temperature as you can, so it is up to you to make sure that he doesn't get too hot or too cold. His body should feel warm to your touch but not damp or sweaty. If his skin feels hot, he probably has too many clothes on. However you should also check for signs of fever. If his hands and feet feel cold, he may not be warm enough. Don't rely on him to cry to let you know he is feeling cold ' he may be too busy conserving his energy in order to maintain his body temperature.

Feeding without the Fuss

12 Testing the Temperature

When you heat your baby's bottle, test the temperature of the milk before giving it to him. Shake the bottle then drip some milk onto the inside of your wrist. It should feel neither too hot nor too cold on your skin. Not all babies like their milk warm. Some prefer it unheated; if your baby prefers his at room temperature, don't worry its safe for him to drink it like this. But never give your baby the bottle straight from the fridge because the cold could give him a tummy ache. Always discard unfinished formula after feeding.

13 Enjoying Skin to Skin

The world cans sometimes feel very strange and frightening to a newborn. You are the most familiar thing to her, so your baby needs close contact with you to feel secure. Cuddle her against your skin when you feed her, even if its bottle-feeding.

14 Checking the flow of things

If your bottle-fed baby is trying to hard at his bottle or gets gassy from gulping milk too fast, check the milk flow. It should be about two or three drops a second ' any more or less could cause a problem.

15 Burping your baby

If your baby gets very gassy while she's feeding, stop to burp her. When she's very young sit her upright on your lap, support her neck and head, and gently rub her back. Once she has gained head control, she would prefer to be held up against your shoulder for burping. If she doesn't burp after you have rubbed her back for thirty seconds or so then she doesn't need to burp, and that is ok.

16 The perfect Formula

If you are using powdered milk, follow the manufacturer's instructions precisely. Too rich a mixture can overload your baby's immature system, possibly causing long term damage. Too little leaves him hungry. Always use the scoop provided and level it off with the back of a knife, making sure you don't pack the powder down too much. If at any time you lose count of the number of scoops you have added, throw out and start again.

17 Sterilizing for Protection

Milk is the perfect breeding ground for bacteria that could cause sickness in baby. Wash, rinse and sterilize baby's feeding equipment to reduce the risk of upset stomach and infection. You have three options: chemical, steam or microwave. When travelling it becomes easier to use disposable bottles, which can be replaced at each feeding.

18 Home cooking

It is very ok to give your baby home-cooked meals as long as you have not added sugar or salt, and it is low in fiber. Prepare in the normal way, sans the salt and sugar. Once cooked, remove portion for baby and season the rest for yourself and the rest of the family.

19 High chairs, Low chairs or Table seats?

The right seat is an essential piece of furniture when you start to introduce baby to solids. Make life simple for yourself and safe and hygienic for baby by choosing a chair that is well padded, sturdy and easy to clean. It should have an integral crotch strap and D-rings for separate safety harness. Be careful when moving your child in or out of the chair and never leave baby unattended in the chair even if he is strapped in. Be careful not to place chair on slippery or raised surface.

20 Mealtime equals Family Time

Your baby wants to be a part of family mealtimes. Sit her at the table in her high chair so that she can join the social interaction. She may soon enjoy this ritual and this may help overcome any feeding difficulties.

21 Eating Out

Your baby will enjoy eating out in a restaurant of café. Don't worry about his behavior. Select a family-friendly spot, if possible and relax. Be prepared for him to get bored before you are done with your meal. Try offering him finger foods to keep him busy or provide a selection of toys from his goody bag so he can play while you finish the rest of your meal in peace.

Quiet Nights

22 The right Temperature

Your baby can quickly become overheated, so it is important to make sure the room doesn't become too hot. Buy a room thermometer to maintain an ideal room temperature of 18 degrees Celsius.

23 Monitoring your Baby at night

Check on your baby, even when she is asleep. A baby monitor allows you to relax, knowing that you will hear her when she needs you. Check the reception before using them. Systems come with separate units for baby and you and can be plugged in or battery-operated.

24 Swaddling a newborn

Newborn jerks can keep your baby awake. Try wrapping him firmly in a soft, light baby blanket with his legs and arms tucked in. Lay him in the middle of the blanket with his arms by his sides. Gently pull one side of the blanket across his body, then pull the other side across and tuck it under him so that he is swaddled. Place him on his back to sleep. Check his temperature every hour to see he doesn't get overheated.

25 Saying Good Night

Although it is very tempting to cuddle baby to sleep in your arms, you won't be doing him any favors. He needs to learn to sleep on his own so that he knows how to do it again if he wakes up in the night.

26 Dividing Day and Night

Help your baby understand the difference between nighttime and daytime sleep by keeping the crib for sleeping at night and a carriage, basket or playpen for daytime naps. She will soon associate the crib with part of his bedtime routine and nighttime sleep.

27 Baby Sleep needs

Your newborn has no concept of day and night and will sleep in short bursts for a total of up to 16 hours in every 24. Her sleep pattern will gradually change so that she sleeps more at night and less during the day. By 6 months, your baby will be napping 2-3 times in the day and sleeping up to 12 hours in the night. By her first birthday she will be sleeping an hour less than she did at 6 months. That said, all babies are individuals, so be prepared for your baby to be different.

Fun and Games

28 Mirror, mirror ..

Hang an unbreakable mirror in the crib where your baby can see her reflection, and encourage her to look at herself. She will get endless hours of enjoyment from studying her changing image. This also helps to develop her observation skills.

29 Imitating you

There is no doubt about it; you are your baby's favorite plaything. Even at 3 months of age your baby will enjoy watching you and will try to copy your facial expressions. Hold him and stick out your tongue; watch your baby as he tries to imitate you.

30 Changing levels

Research suggests that the more the baby is encouraged to look at things, the higher he will score on intelligence tests at age 4. Move your baby to different rooms and place him on different levels such as the floor, chair and the bed. Encourage your baby to look at a number of objects in each room, and talk to him about what he can see.

31 Fun with Colors

Put a brightly colored sock on one foot so that he can see it when he kicks his legs. Once he is used to seeing the colored sock on one foot, change it to the other foot. You can also put the sock on his hand so that he can bring his hand closer to his face and really concentrate on the color. Use a different colored sock the next day; this way you gradually introduce baby to a range of colors.

32 Shake, Rattle and Roll

By about 3 months of age, she will show an interest in sounds, including the sounds of your footsteps. Try filling several small plastic containers with different objects such as dry beans, marbles and lentils. Fasten the lid securely with tape so that baby cannot open it. Encourage her to shake and roll each container; she will gradually learn to discriminate between the different sounds.

33 Toys from the Cupboard

Everyday household articles can give your child hours of entertainment. At about nine months up, try playing with these household toys. Banging pan with a wooden spoon makes a noise as good as any drum. For water play, all you need is a dishpan with some water, some plastic cups and a big spoon. A drawer or cupboard that is safe for baby to empty is absolutely absorbing. Using your imagination and encouraging your child to explore everyday items around him will help him learn to use his imagination too.

34 Laughing Games

Do silly things together and see what appeals to her sense of humor. Build up a tower and knock it down, making silly noises as it falls. Cover your face with a cloth or your hands and encourage your baby to pull it off, saying peek-a-boo as your eyes appear.

35 Talk, talk, talking to your Baby

Your baby learns language by listening to you and others talk. Teach her word recognition by saying the words before carrying out the action. For example, say, "I am going to pick you up' and hold out your arms to her. Your baby will soon learn to associate the words with the act and understand the meaning.

36 Feely Things

As your baby grows older, between 9 and 12 months, he will love having his own box of things. Make sure the items are safe and include different textures so that he gets to explore the difference between rough and smooth. Select things like squares of velvet, silk, a piece of sponge, a rubber ball, cardboard book. Add new items every now and then so that your baby gets a surprise the next time he explores his feely things.

37 Everyday Noises

Teaching your baby about everyday noises is an important step towards building language skills. Name the object (the telephone, doorbell or television) and whenever possible point to it so she associates the noise with the name of its source. Outside, encourage your baby to identify sounds like birds, airplanes, cars, and buses by pointing to them and telling her their names.

38 Hide and Seek

As your baby grows older, he will begin to understand that things still exist even when he can't see them. Show him an object and then hide it under a cover and ask him to find it. If he doesn't understand the idea, pretend to help him find it.

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Disclaimer: Information contained on this Web site is intended solely to make available general summarized information to the public. It should not be substituted for medical advice. It is your responsibility to consult with your pediatrician and/or health care provider before acting on any advice on this web site. While OEM endeavors to provide up-to-date and accurate information, it is not liable for any advice whatsoever rendered nor is it liable for the completeness or timeliness of any information on this site.
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